European forests

Conserving biodiversity through sustainable forestry management

260.000 jobs in Europe

Bringing social and economic added value to rural areas

Use more wood

Reduce CO2 emissions and tackle climate change

Building with wood

A natural, strong, durable and recyclable material

Facts & Figures

EOS represents some 35.000 sawmills in 13 countries across Europe (Austria, Belgium, Croatia Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Latvia, Norway, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) manufacturing sawn boards, timber frames, glulam, decking, flooring, joinery, fencing and several other wood products.

Together they represent 80% of the total European sawn wood output and a turnover of almost 37 billion EUR, creating over 259.000 job opportunities annually in the EU.

Sawn Softwood

The recovery of sawn softwood production that started in 2013 continued at a lively pace during 2016. In the EOS member countries, total production of sawn softwood increased by 2.3% reaching a volume of 82.3 million m in 2016. The recovery seems to continue this year at a similar pace, as sawn softwood production is projected to reach 84.4 million m3 in 2017 (+2.6%), still far from the production peak of 89.5 million m3 which was observed in 2007.

Developments in 2016 were not equal among the EOS member countries. While in most countries production grew (particularly in Finland and in Austria), a decline was observed in Romania and Belgium, and a slight drop also in Sweden and Switzerland. With a production of 21.1 million m and a share of 25.6% (25.4% in 2015), Germany remained in 2016 the largest sawn softwood producer within the EOS community. Sweden ranks second with 17.9 million m (21.7% vs 22.5% in 2015). Finland remains the third largest producer with 11.4 million m (13.9% vs 13.0% in 2015) ahead of Austria with 9.1 million m (11.0% vs 10.7% in 2015).
France remains the fifth largest producer within EOS with a share of 7.8%.


Sawn softwood production volumes in the EOS member countries 2007-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS


Sawn softwood production volumes in the EOS member countries 2012-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS


In 2016, total demand grew by 1.1% - at a somewhat slower pace than production - and reached almost 65.5 million m. Consumption is expected to further increase this year at a similar pace but the peak of 2007 of 78.6 m3 will not be reached in the near future.

Sawn softwood consumption volumes in the EOS member countries 2007-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS


Sawn softwood consumption volumes in the EOS member countries 2012-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS


Sawn Hardwood

The hardwood sector reported in 2016 a production decline of 2% compared to 2015.
This year, however, production is projected to somewhat increase to 6.3 million m3, still far from the peak of 7.8 million observed in 2007. Developments differed strongly from country to country. Among the largest producers, France and Germany saw their production moderately grow, while Latvia and, particularly, Romania reported consistent drops. Italys decline has apparently bottomed out in 2013, registering a stable production over the last two years.

In 2016, Romania and France remain the biggest sawn hardwood producers within the EOS community, with 27.1% (28.0% in 2015) and 23.9% (23.1% in 2015) respectively, covering more than half of the entire production followed by Germany (17.0% vs 16.1% in 2015) and Latvia (11.0% vs 12.6% in 2015).


Sawn hardwood production volumes in the EOS member countries 2007-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS


Sawn hardwood production volumes in the EOS member countries 2012-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS


In 2016, sawn hardwood consumption in the EOS countries was 5.7 million m3, which is 2.3% less than in 2015. Hardwood consumption remains subdued when compared to the pre-global economic crisis period (it peaked in 2007 when it reached 9.3 million m3) and, unlike softwood, it is not recovering. Consumption is expected to drop even in 2017. The decline was driven mainly by Romania, which had a -13.1% fall.

Sawn hardwood consumption volumes in the EOS member countries 2007-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS


Sawn hardwood consumption volumes in the EOS member countries 2012-2017 (000 m)

EOS - Facts and Figures

Source: EOS